całkowite usuwanie kamienia naddziąsłowego, poddziąsłowego /skaling, kiretaż/,
antybiotyk w razie zapalenia przyzębia /Clindamycine, Rovamycine/,
Supragingival calculus, most often found opposite the openings of the salivary ducts, i.e. opposite the parotid (Stensen's) duct and on the lingual surface of the lower anterior teeth opposite the submandibular/ sublingual (Wharton's) duct. It is usually yellow, but can become stained a variety of colours. Subgingival calculus is found, not surprisingly, underneath the gingival margin and is firmly attached to tooth roots. It tends to be brown or black, is extremely tenacious, and is most often found on interproximal and lingual surfaces. It may be identified visually, aby touch using a WHO 621 probe, or on radiographs. With gingival recession it can become supragingival. Composition Consists of up to 80% inorganic salts, mostly crystalline, the major components being calcium and phosphorus. The microscopic structure is basically that of a randomly orientated crystal formation. Formation is always preceded aby plaque deposition, the plaque serving as an organic matrix for subsequent mineralization. Initially, the matrix between organisms becomes calcified with, eventually, the organisms themselves becoming mineralized. Subgingival calculus usually takes many months to form, whereas friable supragingival calculus may form within 2 weeks. Pathological effects Calculus (particularly, subgingival calculus), is associated with periodontal disease. This may be because it is invariably covered aby a layer of plaque. Its principal detrimental effect is probably that it acts as a retention site for plaque and bacterial toxins. The presence of calculus makes it difficult to implement adequate oral hygiene.
Czym jest Kamień Nazębny znaczenie w Słownik na K .